WHAT DO WE WANT TO DO
Our team intends to investigate and recount the causes and effects of the water crisis and whether the counter-measures taken both by governments and by the world of business are effective or not.
Our goal is answering the two-folded crucial question: why does it happen that water is not available and safe to all, and to which extent public and private decision-makers are concretely acting to find remedies?
WHY THE PROJECT IS IMPORTANT
Water is a natural and free resource which it should be clean and accessible to everyone since it is the basis of our life. Yet, it is not always the case around the world.
First, economic activities exploit water resources at an unsustainable rate: it is estimated that 69% of total fresh water is used by agriculture and 22% by industry. This leads to a 91% of “blue gold” exploited by companies, while only 9% is available to people. The exploitation of water occurs mainly through the construction of dams which often have devastating effects on both the environment and the surrounding communities.
Second, water resources are often polluted by urban sewage and agricultural and industrial runoffs.
Third, in many parts of the world, companies are pressuring governments to privatize water.
Last but not least, countries which control rivers headwaters or large reservoirs, especially those which hold enough water for export, have an extremely strong source of leverage over downstream water-scarce countries. Politically-driven water blackmailing creates tensions that, some times, lead to open conflicts.